common categories of a classified balance sheet include current assets

These are things used to operate the business day-to-day, and to cover your immediate expenses. Designed to show what a business owns, what it owes, and what has been invested in the company, the balance sheet, like the income statement and statement of cash flow, is one of the three main financial statements. Smaller businesses typically use an unclassified balance sheet, but if you’re looking for a report that provides the same data in a more detailed format, you’ll want to prepare a classified balance sheet. A balance sheet is a financial statement that displays the total assets, liabilities, and equity of your business at a particular time.

  • These multiple measures assess the company’s ability to pay outstanding debts and cover liabilities and expenses without liquidating its fixed assets.
  • An accountant can help you understand the financial health of your small business and assist you to determine your future operations and projects.
  • Fixed assets are also called long-term assets because they are owned for a longer period of time.
  • The classifications used will vary depending on the type of business you own, and there is no one way to format a classified balance sheet properly.
  • Mary Girsch-Bock is the expert on accounting software and payroll software for The Ascent.
  • These are the typical expenses that your business incurs in order to operate day-to-day.
  • A liability, on the other hand, is what your business owes, but it isn’t actually a cost of doing business.

The classified balance sheet takes it one step further by classifying your three main components into smaller categories or classifications to provide additional financial information about your business. Once used primarily by larger companies, small business owners can also benefit from running a classified balance sheet. The unclassified balance sheet lists assets, liabilities, and equity in their respective categories. The classifications used will vary depending on the type of business you own, and there is no one way to format a classified balance sheet properly. The chart below lists common balance sheet classifications and examples of the balance sheet accounts that are included in each classification.


The Current Assets list includes all assets that have an expiration date of less than one year. The Fixed Assets category lists items such as land or a building, while assets classified balance sheet that don’t fit into typical categories are placed in the Other Assets category. There’s no standardized set of subcategories or required amount that must be used.

They can vary in their liquidity as some items will be more liquid than others. For instance, short-term securities held for sale will most likely be more than liquid than accounts receivable or inventory. However, overall, current asset items are still relatively more liquid in nature than fixed assets or intangible assets. Current assets include cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, stock inventory, marketable securities, pre-paid liabilities, and other liquid assets. Typical examples of current assets include petty cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and prepaid expenses. Financial management and reporting form the backbone of any successful business, providing insights into the financial health and stability of the organization.

What Are Current Assets?

Throughout this series of financial statements, you can download the Excel template below for free to see how Bob’s Donut Shoppe uses financial statements to evaluate the performance of his business. If your total assets are greater than your total liabilities, then your equity is positive. If your liabilities are more than your assets, then you have a problem and need to take immediate action. Typical examples of current liabilities are your credit card bills, staff salaries, accounts payable, and overdraft fees on your bank account. Balance sheet liabilities, like assets have been categorized into Current Liabilities and Long-Term Liabilities. Once your balances have been added to the correct categories, you’ll add the subtotals to arrive at your total liabilities, which are $150,000.

The liabilities of your business are all of the business’ operating costs and financial obligations. Fixed assets are also called long-term assets because they are owned for a longer period of time. In terms of your balance sheet, any asset owned, or expected to be owned, for longer than 12 months is a fixed asset. Understanding assets and liabilities is key to knowing how much your business is making (its bottom line or net profit).

Accounting for your assets and liabilities

This short-term liquidity is vital—if Apple were to experience issues paying its short-term obligations, it could liquidate these assets to help cover these debts. Using the accounting equation with a classified balance sheet is a straightforward process. First, you have to identify and enter your assets properly, assigning them to the correct categories. Property, plants, buildings, facilities, equipment, and other illiquid investments are all examples of non-current assets because they can take a significant amount of time to sell. Non-current assets are also valued at their purchase price because they are held for longer times and depreciate. This simple equation does a lot in demonstrating that shareholders’ equity is the residual value of assets minus liabilities.

common categories of a classified balance sheet include current assets

This format is much easier to read and more informational than a report that simply lists the assets, liabilities, and equity in total. A classified balance sheet is a financial statement that reports asset, liability, and equity accounts in meaningful subcategories for readers’ ease of use. In other words, it breaks down each of the balance sheet accounts into smaller categories to create a more useful and meaningful report. They are a short-term asset that is owned for less than 12 months and can easily be converted into cash.

Inventory—which represents raw materials, components, and finished products—is included in the Current Assets account. However, different accounting methods can adjust inventory; at times, it may not be as liquid as other qualified current assets depending on the product and the industry sector. This section is important for investors because it shows the company’s short-term liquidity. According to Apple’s balance sheet, it had $135 million in the Current Assets account it could convert to cash within one year.

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